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HYPERTENSION Here are some key points about hypertension. More detail is in the main article. Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg. Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease. Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems. Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure. Treatment Regular health checks are the best way to monitor your blood pressure. Regular health checks are the best way to monitor your blood pressure. While blood pressure is best regulated through the diet before it reaches the stage of hypertension, there is a range of treatment options. Lifestyle adjustments are the standard first-line treatment for hypertension. Regular physical exercise Doctors recommend that patients with hypertension engage in 30 minutes of moderate-intensity, dynamic, aerobic exercise. This can include walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming on 5 to 7 days of the week. Stress reduction Avoiding stress, or developing strategies for managing unavoidable stress, can help with blood pressure control. Using alcohol, drugs, smoking, and unhealthy eating to cope with stress will add to hypertensive problems. These should be avoided. Smoking can raise blood pressure. Giving up smoking reduces the risk of hypertension, heart conditions, and other health issues. Bhavsar Nursing Home & ICCU is the Best Hospital in Bhandup West, Mumbai. We do provide Treatments for : ICU =ICU 24 Hours Open | I.C.C.U. | Chest Pain Treatment | Clinical Cardiology | Heart Conditions | Dengue Fever Treatment | Path Laboratory | Viral Fever Treatment | X =Ray | Neuro | Physiotherapy | Piles | Surgery | Piles Treatment (Non Surgical) | Laparoscopic Surgery | Paediatric & Female Urology | Diabetes Management | Uncontrolled Diabetes | Cancer Treatment | Oncosurgeon visit us @:
Thyroid Disorders   What are thyroid disorders?What are the specific kinds of thyroid disorders?HypothyroidismHyperthyroidismGoiterThyroid nodulesThyroid cancerHow are thyroid disorders diagnosed?What is the treatment for thyroid disorders?Thyroid medicationsThyroid surgeryWhat is the outlook for thyroid disorders? What are thyroid disorders?  Readers Comments 31 Share Your Story Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. The thyroid has important roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. Different types of thyroid disorders affect either its structure or function. The thyroid gland is located below the Adam's apple wrapped around the trachea (windpipe). A thin area of tissue in the gland's middle, known as the isthmus, joins the two thyroid lobes on each side. The thyroid uses iodine to produce vital hormones. Thyroxine, also known as T4, is the primary hormone produced by the gland. After delivery via the bloodstream to the body's tissues, a small portion of the T4 released from the gland is converted to triiodothyronine (T3), which is the most active hormone. The function of the thyroid gland is regulated by a feedback mechanism involving the brain. When thyroid hormone levels are low, the hypothalamus in the brain produces a hormone known as thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) that causes the pituitary gland (located at the base of the brain) to release thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to release more T4. Since the thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, disorders of these tissues can also affect thyroid function and cause thyroid problems. Bhavsar Nursing home & ICCU is the Best Hospital in Bhandup West Mumbai For more Details visit us@:
GASTROENTEROLOGY Gastroenterology deals in treating diseases related to gastrointestinal tract and disorders associated with it. The branch also includes the understanding of gastrointestinal organs, like the functioning of the liver, digestion and absorption, removal of waste and several others. Any gastrointestinal disorder can cause problems in stomach, esophagus, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, small and large intestines. A gastroenterologist has a broad scientific knowledge to provide gastroenterology treatment and optimal health care for patients. Who is a Gastroenterologist? A gastroenterologist is a physician who specializes in gastroenterology (DM gastroenterology) and offers all kinds of medical treatments related to the speciality. They undergo training in the management of diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract. The gastroenterologist takes a broad understanding of the symptoms at presentation like difficulty in swallowing, constipation, heartburn, loose motions, vomiting and renal bleeding to diagnose and treat conditions effectively. We at Max Healthcare are committed to offer best in class healthcare services for our patients to treat life-threatening acute medical problems. Gastroenterologists do extensive research involving gastrointestinal endoscopic treatment and procedures as well as the interpretation of results and are experts in the field. Furthermore, it is their aptitude to provide broad, precise, and thorough care for patients with gastrointestinal conditions, which differentiates them from other physicians that provide similar services. Conditions and treatments taken care by gastroenterologists include peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, esophageal cancer and colon cancer. They also perform endoscopic therapeutic interventions. Endoscopy is part of the endoscopic treatment which is used by the doctors for a better diagnosis of the condition the patient is suffering from. An endoscope is a flexible tube with a small camera attached to it which is used to perform the test. An endoscope is generally used to inspect body parts like urinary tract, respiratory tract, ear, gastrointestinal tract, and the reproductive system. A gastroenterologist may perform endoscopy procedure to identify the root cause of abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, ulcers or difficulty in swallowing, polyps or growth in colon and cancer of the digestive system. After a successful diagnosis, the doctor charts out the right medical therapy to cure the condition. Endoscopic treatment has various advantages including minimum blood loss, less pain, no tissue or muscle trauma, and low risk of infection. In the last few decades, the advantages of endoscopic treatment and procedures in the field of gastroenterology have augmented significantly. How Does Gastroenterology Treatment Work? A gastroenterology treatment usually starts in a gastroenterologist’s clinic or a hospital. It typically begins with a clinic staff recording the patient’s blood pressure level, heart rate, and weight. They also take a record of patient’s medications, allergies and medical history. During the consultation, the doctor may perform lab tests, X-Rays, motility tests and endoscopic procedures and interventions. The whole visit typically takes around 30 minutes to an hour, or longer if the gastroenterologist performs endoscopic procedures simultaneously. Visit us @:
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Menu Everything you need to know about jaundice Table of contents Jaundice is a term used to describe a yellowish tinge to the skin and the whites of the eye. Body fluids may also be yellow. The color of the skin and whites of the eyes will vary depending on levels of bilirubin. Bilirubin is a waste material found in the blood. Moderate levels lead to a yellow color, while very high levels will appear brown. About 60 percent of all infants born in the United States have jaundice. However, jaundice can happen to people of all ages and is normally the result of an underlying condition. Jaundice normally indicates a problem with the liver or bile duct. In this article,  Medical News Today will discuss what jaundice is, why it happens, and how it is diagnosed and treated. Fast facts on jaundice • Jaundice is caused by a buildup of bilirubin, a waste material, in the blood. • An inflamed liver or obstructed bile duct can lead to jaundice, as well as other underlying conditions. • Symptoms include a yellow tinge to the skin and whites of the eyes, dark urine, and itchiness. • Diagnosis of jaundice can involve a range of tests. • Jaundice is treated by managing the underlying cause. Causes  Jaundice turns the whites of the eyes yellow. Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin and the whites of eyes that happens when the body does not process bilirubin properly. This may be due to a problem in the liver. It is also known as icterus. Bilirubin is a yellow-colored waste material that remains in the bloodstream after iron is removed from the blood. The liver filters waste out from the blood. When bilirubin reaches the liver, other chemicals attach to it. A substance called conjugated bilirubin results. The liver produces bile, a digestive juice. Conjugated bilirubin enters the bile, then it leaves the body. It is this type of bilirubin that gives feces its brown color. If there is too much bilirubin, it can leak into the surrounding tissues. This is known as hyperbilirubinemia, and it causes the yellow color in the skin and eyes. Risk factors Jaundice most often happens as a result of an underlying disorder that either causes the production of too much bilirubin or prevents the liver from getting rid of it. Both of these result in bilirubin being deposited in tissues. Underlying conditions that may cause jaundice include: Acute inflammation of the liver:This may impair the ability of the liver to conjugate and secrete bilirubin, resulting in a buildup. Inflammation of the bile duct: This can prevent the secretion of bile and removal of bilirubin, causing jaundice. Obstruction of the bile duct: This prevents the liver from disposing of bilirubin. Hemolytic anemia: The production of bilirubin increases when large quantities of red blood cells are broken down. Gilbert's syndrome: This is an inherited condition that impairs the ability of enzymes to process the excretion of bile. Cholestasis: This interrupts the flow of bile from the liver. The bile containing conjugated bilirubin remains in the liver instead of being excreted. Rarer conditions that may cause jaundice include: Crigler-Najjar syndrome: This is an inherited condition that impairs the specific enzyme responsible for processing bilirubin. Dubin-Johnson syndrome: This is an inherited form of chronic jaundice that prevents conjugated bilirubin from being secreted from of the cells of the liver. Pseudojaundice: This is a harmless form of jaundice. The yellowing of the skin results from an excess of beta-carotene, not from an excess of bilirubin. Pseudojaundice usually arises from eating large quantities of carrot,  pumpkin, or melon. ADVERTISEMENT Treatment  Medication or supplements can help jaundice depending on the cause. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Jaundice treatment targets the cause rather than the jaundice symptoms. The following treatments are used: Anemia-induced jaundice may be treated by boosting the amount of iron in the blood by either taking iron supplements or eating more iron-rich foods. Hepatitis-induced jaundice requires antiviral or steroid medications. Doctors can treat obstruction-induced jaundice by surgically removing the obstruction. If the jaundice has been caused by use of a medication, treatment for involves changing to an alternative medication. Prevention Jaundice is related to liver function. It is essential that people maintain the health of this vital organ by eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and not consuming more than the recommended amounts of alcohol. Symptoms  An excess of bilirubin can cause the yellow tinge in the eyes and skin. Common symptoms of jaundice include: a yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes, normally starting at the head and spreading down the body pale stools dark urine itchiness Accompanying symptoms of jaundice resulting from low bilirubin levels include: fatigue abdominal pain weight loss vomiting fever pale stools dark urine Complications The itching that accompanies jaundice can sometimes be so intense that patients have been known to scratch their skin raw, experience insomnia, or, in extreme cases, even have thoughts of suicide. When complications happen, this is usually because of the underlying problem, not the jaundice itself. For example, if an obstructed bile duct leads to jaundice, uncontrolled bleeding may result. This is because the blockage leads a shortage of vitamins needed for clotting. ADVERTISEMENT Types There are three main types of jaundice: Hepatocellular jaundice occurs as a result of liver disease or injury. Hemolytic jaundice occurs as a result of hemolysis, or an accelerated breakdown of red blood cells, leading to an increase in production of bilirubin. Obstructive jaundice occurs as a result of an obstruction in the bile duct. This prevents bilirubin from leaving the liver RELATED ARTICLE  Causes and treatments of infant jaundice For more information on jaundice in infants, click here. READ NOW Newborns Jaundice is a common health issue in newborn infants. Around 60 percent of newborns experience jaundice, and this increases to 80 percent of premature infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. They will normally show signs within 72 hours of birth. Red blood cells in the body of an infant are frequently broken down and replaced. This causes the production of more bilirubin. Also, the livers of infants are less developed and, therefore, less effective at filtering bilirubin from the body. Symptoms will usually resolve without treatment within 2 weeks. However, infants with extremely high bilirubin levels will require treatment with either a blood transfusion or phototherapy. In these cases, treatment is vital as jaundice in newborns can lead to kernicterus, a very rare type of permanent brain damage. ADVERTISEMENT Levels The level of bilirubin is defined in a blood test called a bilirubin test. This measures unconjugated, or indirect, bilirubin levels. These are responsible for the onset of jaundice. Bilirubin levels are measured in milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL). Adults and older children should have a level of between 0.3 and 0.6 mg/dL. Around 97 percent of infants born after 9 months of pregnancy have levels lower than 13 mg/dL. If they show higher levels than this, they are usually referred for further investigation. These ranges may differ between laboratories. How far above the normal range a person's levels are will set out a course of treatment. Diagnosis Doctors will most likely use the history of the patient and a physical exam to diagnose jaundice and confirm bilirubin levels. They will pay close attention to the abdomen, feel for tumors, and check the firmness of the liver. A firm liver indicates cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver. A rock-hard liver suggests cancer. Several tests can confirm jaundice. The first is a liver function test to find out whether or not the liver is functioning properly. If a doctor cannot find the cause, a doctor may request blood tests to check bilirubin levels and the composition of the blood. These include: Bilirubin tests: A high level of unconjugated bilirubin compared to levels of conjugated bilirubin suggest hemolytic jaundice. Full blood count (FBC), or complete blood count (CBC): This measures levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Hepatitis A, B, and C tests: This tests for a range of liver infections. The doctor will examine the structure of the liver if they suspect an obstruction. In these cases, they will use imaging tests, including MRI, CT, and ultrasound scans. They may also carry out an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). This is a procedure combining endoscopy and X-ray imaging. A liver biopsy can check for inflammation, cirrhosis, cancer, and fatty liver. This test involves inserting a needle into the liver to obtain a tissue sample. The sample is then examined under a microscope. Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes caused by increased amounts of bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice is a sign of an underlying disease process. Bilirubin is a by-product of the daily natural breakdown and destruction of red blood cells in the body. The hemoglobinmolecule that is released into the blood by this process is split, with the heme portion undergoing a chemical conversion to bilirubin. Normally, the liver metabolizes and excretes the bilirubin in the form of bile. However, if there is a disruption in this normal metabolism and/or production of bilirubin, jaundice may result. Visit us http:// HEALTH
*Treatment of Bacterial and Viral Infections CONTINUED Viruses are tinier: the largest of them are smaller than the smallest bacteria. All they have is a protein coat and a core of genetic material, either RNA or DNA. Unlike bacteria, viruses can't survive without a host. They can only reproduce by attaching themselves to cells. In most cases, they reprogram the cells to make new viruses until the cells burst and die. In other cases, they turn normal cells into malignant or cancerous cells. Also unlike bacteria, most viruses do cause disease, and they're quite specific about the cells they attack. For example, certain viruses attack cells in the liver, respiratory system, or blood. In some cases, viruses target bacteria. Bhavsar nursing home& iccu visit us at ;
Bhavsar Nursing Home & Iccu National Doctors Day, 1st July 2018 Bhavsar Nursing Home & Iccu wishes all doctors a Happy Doctor's Day and convey a special "thank you" for all doctors who dedicate themselves each & every day to the health of the patients, families & community. *Happy Doctor's Day...